How to Assemble a Canine First Aid Kit

Puppy with an emergency kit

How to Make Your Own First Aid Kit

Please make and have your own first aid kit ready at all times! You never know when disaster will strike. You have the option to make a small inexpensive first aid kit to one that might rival a home vet office, your choice!

The Ideal Canine First Aid Kit Should Include

  • Strong Waterproof Kit Container:

Write on the container in indelible ink, the phone numbers for your vet, the closest emergency animal hospital, and poison control hotlines. Also list your own name, address and phone numbers.

  • Any Literature or Books on Dog First Aid Tips
  • An extra supply of your dog's medications
  • Scissors and Tweezers - Flat Slant Tip
  • Cotton Balls and Cotton Rolls
  • Gauze Pads, Squares, and Roll
  • Disinfectant like Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Rope, Nylon Stockings, or Bandana to Temporarily Tie Up a Dog
  • Strips of Cotton to Stop Bleeding
  • Antibiotic Gel and Iodine Wound Solution
  • Instant Ice Packs and a Hot/Cold Pack
  • Rectal Thermometer
  • Bottle of Water and Dog Bowl
  • Old Sheets or Big Towel
  • First Aid Tape and Cotton Swabs
  • Sterile Needle - for removing ticks or splinters
  • Small Turkey Baster or Bulb Syringe - for flushing wounds or administering medicine
  • Eyedropper, Rubber Gloves, Nail Clippers, and a Comb
  • Disposable Safety Razor - for shaving hair around a wound
  • Paper Towels, Small Hand Towels or Strips of Cloth
  • A Compact Thermal Blanket
  • Extra set of dog booties or small socks
  • Flashlight and Matches
  • Bandages, include Vet Wrap and Waterproof Types
  • Anti-bacterial Wipes or Pads
  • Activated Charcoal Tablets and Syrup of Ipecac
  • Rubbing Alcohol - Use as a drying agent, but not on wounds
  • Bag Balm - especially useful for treating paw pads
  • Petroleum Jelly
  • Saline Eye Solution and Eye Ointment or Tear Gel
  • Small Can of Dog Food
  • Dog Muzzle and Leash

If you prefer to purchase a ready-made kit, Medi+ Pet Deluxe First Aid Kit is a good choice.

Additional Tips for General First Aid

  • Mix Epsom salt at 1 teaspoon per 2 cups of warm water for drawing out infection and bathing itchy paws or skin.
  • Use baking soda for soothing skin conditions.
  • Styptic powder is used to stop bleeding of torn or over clipped toenails.
  • Milk of magnesia or kaopectate is good for dog stomach upset.
  • Pepto Bismol is okay for dogs, but not cats.
  • Bendadryl can be used for allergic reactions in dogs, including bug bites or stings.
  • A gentle pet sedative can be bought at some pet health supply stores - a good brand is Rescue Remedy.
  • Aspirin is safe for dog's pain - but not cats. Never use acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Always use small doses or call your vet before administering aspirin to get the correct dose.
  • Mild grease-cutting dishwashing liquid is good for cleaning dog skin or removing sticky substances.
  • Keep an appropriately sized dog carrier or crate at home for emergencies.
  • If someone is taking care of your pet while you're away: show them where you keep the first aid kit and vet records, your vet and emergency animal hospital info, how to contact you, and the name and phone number of a friend or relative in case you are unavailable. In addition, let your vet know in advance who you have authorized to take your pet to the vet in your absence, and that you will pay for any emergency visit.
  • Watch out for poisonous plants in or near your home. Particularly hazardous are the following:
    • Cactus
    • Mistletoe
    • Tobacco
    • Poinsettia
    • Honeysuckle
    • Azalea
    • Daffodils
    • Wild Mushrooms
    • Foxglove

    Vital Statistics: Pulse and Heart Rate

    Normal resting rates:
  • Small dogs: 90-120 bpm
  • Medium dogs: 70-110 bpm
  • Large dogs: 60-90 bpm
  • Pulse should be strong, regular and easy to locate.

Temperature: Normal rate for dogs is 98 to 102.5 degrees. Thermometer should be almost clean when removed. Abnormalities are indicated by blood, diarrhea, or black, tarry stool.

Concluding Thoughts

Those who have faced emergencies can tell you it is essential to get your first aid kit together and get familiar with first aid measures before you are confronted with an accident, emergency, or sudden illness. Many situations require fast and correct action to prevent further injury, infection, or even death.

So, assemble a first aid kit now, and then you'll be ready when your pet (or a human) needs immediate help.

How to Assemble a Canine First Aid Kit